How the Journalism Process Determines News Values


How is the selection of news stories made? What factors are used to determine the value of news stories? The article discusses how journalistic selection process influences news values, including the Magnitude and relevance of stories, the extent to which stories are exclusive, and the extent to which stories are shared. It also explores the impact of social media on news media.

Journalistic selection process

There are various factors that influence the selection of news stories for publication, including practical concerns, deadlines, and competition for exclusives. Other influences include the environment in which journalists work and their position in the hierarchy.

Factors that influence news values

There are several factors that influence the selection of newsworthy events. Sudden events, particularly natural disasters, are likely to get more coverage than slow-moving, long-term trends. Moreover, bad news tends to be more exciting than good news. For example, stories about deaths, property damage, and extreme weather will receive more coverage than similar stories about positive events.

Magnitude and relevance of stories

The magnitude and relevance of stories in news are determined by several factors. For example, an earthquake in California is more relevant to a Californian audience than an earthquake in Calcutta. Another factor is timing. In the 24-hour news cycle, recent events are more likely to make the lead news. Stories that are predictable and can be summarized are also more likely to be lead stories.

Exclusivity and shareability of stories

In addition to ensuring that your story receives the most attention possible, maximizing the shareability and exclusivity of your stories can help your PR efforts. For the best results, focus on pitching one story to each outlet, giving each outlet several days to either accept or reject your story. Be sure to never pitch the same story to multiple outlets at once, as this could damage your credibility. Regardless of which outlet you pitch to, remember to include a deadline for a response and a subject line that includes your article’s headline.


Objectivity in news reporting is a key aspect of journalism. It is an ethical standard that requires journalists to report the news with a neutral point of view. In this way, they avoid bias and falsehood. However, it can be difficult to maintain objectivity when sources are prone to strategizing or thinking about how to portray the story.


Fairness in news can be a difficult issue to address. In a day and age when climate change and inequality are both on the rise, it can be difficult to provide the news that people need and want. For example, the Florida malpractice program has deprived families of the right to sue and has denied critical medical expenses to children. Thankfully, a family-owned Boston newspaper established a prize for fairness in journalism to honor the work of journalists, editors, and writers.