News is a form of information that people receive from different sources. It is an important part of human communication, and it has many uses. It can influence the public in both positive and negative ways.
Usefulness: The main purpose of news is to inform the readers about the happenings around them. Weather forecasts, train timings and other such information are of great importance to people. They help them to prepare for a safe and comfortable journey.
Educational Value: The news provides a lot of information regarding the various government policies, education and job opportunities. This information helps the people to get aware of the different options available and choose the best one for them.
Objectivity: The news articles should be written in an objective manner and without any bias. This is done to ensure the credibility of the news and its fairness.
A journalist checks all the facts before printing any news article. He also cross checks the news to make sure that it is true to the core. Objectivity and fairness are the two essential qualities of any good news article.
Influence: News is very influential and has a large impact on the world. It can spread communalism, preach nationalism, and it can even carry a message to the people.
Politics: The news can also affect the political climate. It can give rise to a new party or movement, and can affect the outcome of elections and referendums.
In the modern era, the news is propagated through the internet and mobile phones. It is difficult to control the distribution of this information, and it is also difficult to determine the reliability of these sources.
Media: The news can be influenced by several factors such as the media organizations, their agendas and the people who write for them. The press is largely controlled by the government, corporations, special interest groups and wealthy individuals.
News values are a set of criteria that journalists use to decide which stories should have higher priority in their news reports. They are based on personal and professional interests, as well as practical considerations such as time, resources and staffing.
Immediacy: The news should be fresh, current and timely, especially in a specific context. Moreover, it should be relevant to the audience.
Proximity: The news should be relevant to the reader in the immediate vicinity, such as an event occurring near them or their hometown.
Exceptions to this rule are news items of a personal or emotional nature, such as stories of a death, a major breakthrough in science, a win or the recovery from an illness.
Oddity: The news should be unusual or unexpected in some way, causing a public interest in it.
Emotion: The news should convey some emotion to the reader in order to make them empathise with it and share it with others.
The news should be written in a clear and concise manner, using appropriate grammar and vocabulary to keep the readers attention.