Law is a system of rules and regulations that govern human behavior. These laws are established by the government or society and apply to everything from business, social relationships, property and finance.
Legal Norms are norms derived from and grounded in a particular set of values. These values are usually based on the notion of justice and fairness.
Moreover, they often emphasize the importance of cooperation in order to achieve better outcomes.
There are several different kinds of law, but each one is used to protect a certain kind of interest or activity. These are the following:
Constitutional law deals with the governing of the state and its powers; immigration law deals with the rights of people to come or go from a country; nationality law concerns the right to be an official in a foreign nation; social security law deals with the right to be employed or receive welfare payments.
Company law is a branch of commercial law that deals with the rights and liabilities of companies. It covers matters such as contracts, the law of agency, trusts, property and insurance.
Civil law is the broad term used to describe a legal system that is based on a code and aims to promote cooperation between people. It is found all over the world and is derived from Roman law.
The basic distinction between legal and non-legal normative systems is that while law typically involves a slew of procedural norms, other normative systems often involve substantive norms only.
Procedural norms in law include the right to confront witnesses, to receive notice of accusations, to be given reasons for official decisions, and to be heard in court.
However, these rights are not necessarily a precondition for the right to engage in or have recourse to other norms.
For example, a person’s right to freedom and equality is not a precondition for the right to engage or have recourse to other rights in the context of a given legal system (Feinberg 1973: 69; Dworkin 1977: 93).
Furthermore, while it is not necessarily true that all rights have a specific meaning in any given legal system, many do. Nevertheless, the differences in the ways that they express their aims can make it difficult to agree on their respective applications to certain situations.
It is also important to distinguish between abstract and concrete rights.
The distinction is essential to understanding how conflicts of legal rights occur in a legal system.
Generally, it is easier to reconcile the demands of both broad and concrete rights in a legal system when they are expressed at high levels of abstraction.
In contrast, when the demands are more precise and detailed, a conflict between legal rights can become more problematic.
Among the most popular legal theories are those of natural law and inalienable rights. These views have roots in the philosophy of John Locke, who believed that people have the right to pursue their own interests without interference from the state.